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    Major CVS References

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    CYCLIC VOMITING SYNDROME & ABDOMINAL MIGRAINE REFERENCES –Updated Nov 2014

    Abell T, Adams, K, Boles R, Bousvaros A, Chong S, et al: CVS in Adults, Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 20 (4): 269-284, 2008


    Abraham M, Almadhoun O, Hoehn K: Meckel's Diverticulum Presents as CVS. Clinical Pediatrics, Jun 24, 2014


    Ahmad S, Samuel E, Venkatesan T, Massey B, Shaker R et al: Assessment of White Matter Tract Integrity of Brain in CVS by Diffusion Tensor Imaging. Digestive Disease Week 2012 (abstract)


    Abraham M, Porter P: Clonidine in cyclic vomiting. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, Aug;53 (2):219-21), 2011


    Aanpreung P, Vajaradul C: Cyclic vomiting syndrome in Thai children. J Med Assoc Thai 85 (2):s743-8, 2002 (suppl)


    Abed A, Maherzi A: Effectiveness of treatment with erythromycin in cvs.  Archives de pediatrie 10:58-63, 2003


    Abell T, Fleisher D: Editorial, cyclic vomiting syndrome: submitted for WebMD/Medscape GI Experts, 2005


    Abell T,et al: Idiopathic cyclic nausea and vomiting. a disorder of gastrointestinal motility? Mayo Clinic Proc 63:1169-75, 1988


    Abu-Arafeh I, Russell,G (Abu-Arafeh ed): Childhood Headache. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2002


    Abu-Arafeh I, Russell G: Cyclical vomiting syndrome in children:  A population based study. JPGN 21(4):454-8, 1995


    Abu-Arafeh I, Russell G: Migraine and cvs in children.  Headache Quarterly, Current Treatment and Research 8:122-5, 1997


    Allen J, de Moore G, Heddle R, Twartz J: Cannabinoid hyperemesis: cyclical hyperemesis in association with chronic cannabis abuse. GUT  53(11):1566-70, 2004


    Alvarez W: Cycilic vomiting. Gastroenterology 33:1000, 1957


    Amakata K, Nakamoto N, Hikita T, Kaga F, Ogita K, et al: Valproate sodium is effective as prophylactic therapy for cyclic vomiting


    syndrome in a case. [Japanese]. No To Hattatsu. Mar;40(2):156-8 No abstract available. 2008


    Anderson J, Lockhart J, Sugerman K, Weinberg W: Effective prophylactic therapy for cyclic vomiting syndrome in children using amitriptyline or cyproheptadine.  Pediatrics 100(6):977-981, 1997


    Arifuddin R: Eosinophilic gastritis-A rare entity masquerading as cyclic vomiting. Gastroenter 130;(Suppl 2):A-145, 2006 (abstr)


    Artingstall, K: Cyclic vomiting syndrome, in Practical Aspects of Munchausen by Proxy and Munchausen Syndrome Investigation. New York, NY, CRC Press 1999, pp15-17


    Ayoola EA: Clinical profile of cycl vomi synd in regional hospital, Saudi Arabia. Trop Gastroenterol  26(3):126-8, 2005


    Bae S, Kang S, Lee Y, et al: Rapid response to mirtazapine in cvs refractory to conventional prokineti. Psychosoma, 55(3):311-2, 2014


    Barlow C: The periodic syndrome - cyclic vomiting and abdominal migraine, in Headaches and Migraine in Childhood, Clinics


    in Developm Med. Oxford, England, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Phildelphia, JB Lippincott Co, pp 76-92,1984


    Barrio M, Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome [Spanish]. Anales Espanales de Pediatria 56(2):151-64 2002


    Barth N, et al: Cyclic vomiting in childhood and adolescence [German]. Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 28(2):107-17, 2000


    Bashashati M, McCallum R: Neurochemical mechanisms and pharmacologic strategies in managing nausea and vomiting related to CVS and other gastrointestinal disorders. Eur J Pharmacol. Jan 722C:79-94, 2014 


    Ben-Amitay G, et al: Cyclic vomiting syndrome in children [Hebrew]. Harefuah 134(8):611-613,671, 1998


    Benson J, Zorn S, Book L:  Sumatriptan [Imitrex] in the treatment of cyclic vomiting.  Ann of Pharmacother 29:997-8, 1995

    Blasco L, Salazar O, González-Fernández C, Robledo F: Two cases of cyclic vomiting syndrome in systemic autoimmune conditions: SLE and autoimmune hepatitis. Lupus Jun;18(7):659-60, 2009


    Boles R: High degree of efficacy in the treatment of cyclic vomiting syndrome with combined co-enzyme Q10, L-carnitine and amitriptyline, a case series. BMC Neurology,11:102, 2011


    Boles R, Lovett-Barr MR, Preston A, Li BUK, Adams K: Treatment of cyclic vomiting syndrome with co-enzyme Q10 and amitriptyline, a retrospective study. BMC Neurol. Jan 28;10:10, 2010


    Boles, RG, Zaki E, McCallum R, et al: Are pediatric and adult-onset cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) biologically different conditions? Relationship of adult-onset CVS with the migraine and pediatric CVS-associated common mtDNA polymorphisms 16519T and 3010A. Neurogastroenterol Motil Sep 21(9):936-e72, 2009


    Boles R, Baldwin E, Prezant T: Combined Cyclic Vomiting and Kearns-Sayre Syndromes. Pedi Neurology 36(2):135-6, 2007


    Boles R, Powers A, Adams K: Cyclic vomiting syndrome plus. J Child Neuro 21(3):182-8, 2006


    Boles R, AdamsK, L BUK: Maternal inheritance in cyclic vomiting syndrome. Am J Med Genetics, 133(1):71-7, 2005


    Boles R, AdamsK, ItoM, Li B: Maternal inheritence in cyclic vomiting syndrome with neuromuscular disea. Am J Med Genetics 120A:474-482, 2003


    Boles R, Williams J: Mitochondrial disease and cyclic vomiting syndrome.

    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 44(8) 103S-107S, 1999 (suppl)
    Boles R, et al: Cyclic vomiting syndrome and mitochondrial DNA mutations. Lancet 350:1299-1300, 1997


    Bouaziz Abed A, Ben Gamra S, Mustapha R, Chiha M, Maherzi A, et al: CVS in children. Tunis Med. 90(6):501-2, 2012.


    Bouaziz Abed A, Maherzi A: Efficacy of erythromycin in the treatment of cvs in children [French]. Arch Pediatr Jan;10(1):62-3, 2003


    Brody J: Cyclic vomiting: a century in doctor's blind spot. New York Times, Science Section Tuesday, April 30, 2002.


    Brown J, Li B: Recurrent vomiting in children. Clinical Perspectives in Gastroenterology 5:35-9, 2002


    Brown RJ: A fatal attack of cyclic vomiting. British Med J, 30:2(4895):1033,1954
    Brown,T, Spree D, Abell T: CVS: a common, under-recognized disorder. J Amer Assoc Nurse Practitioners, 26(6):340-7, 2014


    Bullard J, Page N: Cyclic vomiting syndrome: a disease in disguise. Pediatric Nursing 31(1):27-9, 2005


    Byers B, Snyder C, Saade G: Pregnancy complicated by CVS. Obstet Gynecol Aug 114:432-4, 2009


    Calhoun AH, Pruitt AP: Injectable sumatriptan for cvs in adults: a case series. Headache, 54(9):1526-30, 2014   


    Chang Y, Windish D. Cannaboid hyperemesis relieved by compulsive bathing. Mayo Clin Proceedings, 84(1): 76-8, 2009


    Chelimsky TC, Chelimsky GG:.Autonomic abnormalities in cvs. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr Mar;44(3):326-30, 2007


    Chen CC, Chang FY, Lee SD: Cvs triggered by nonsedated upper GI endoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol 96(7):2287, 2001


    Chepyala P, Olden KW: Cyclic vomit and compulsive bathing with chronic cannabis abuse. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol Jun;6(6):710-2. 2008


    Chepyala P, Olden KW: Nausea and vomiting. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol. Mar;11(2):135-44, 2008


    Chepyala P, Svoboda R, Olden K: Treatment of cyclic vomiting syndrome. Curr Treat Options Gastroenter. 10(4):273-82, 2007


    Chong S: Cyclic vomiting syndrome. in Elzouki A, Harfi H, Nazer H, Oh W, Stapleton F, Whitley R (eds):
    Textbook of Clinical Pediatrics (ed 2). Springer Reference. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2011


    Chong S, Bartlett J, McRonald G: Profile & early symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome in UK. JPGN 37(3):356, 2003


    Chong S, Nowak T, Goddard M, Fitzgerald J, Croffie J, Kalbfleisch J: Abnormal gastric emptying and myoelectrical activity in cyclic vomiting syndrome. Gastroenterology 112:A712, 1997


    Choung R, Locke G, Lee R, Schleck C, Zinsmeister A, Talley N: Cyclic vomiting syndrome and functional vomiting in adults: association with cannabinoid use in males. Neurogastroenterol Motil. Sep 27, 2011


    Chow S, Goldman RD: Treating children's cyclic vomiting. Canadian Family Physician. 53(3):417-9, 2007


    Clouse R, Sayuk G, Lustman P, Prakash C: Zonisamide or Levetiracetam for adults with CVS: A case series.  Clinical Gastroenterol  Hepatol 5(1):44-8, 2007
    Cohen S, Mackowiak PA: Diagnosing Darwin. Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc. 76(2):12-20, 2013


    Cooper C, Sarmad S, Haider A: Rapid gastric emptying should be considered as supportive criteria for diagnosing CVS in adults.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 2014, (submitted)


    Coskun M, Alyanak B: Psychiatric Co-morbidity and Efficacy of Mirtazapine Treatment in Young Subjects With Chronic or CVS: A Case Series. J Neurogastroenterol Motil, 17(3):305-11, 2014


    Cristofori F, Thapar N, Andrews P, Lindley K, et al: Efficacy of neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist aprepitant in children with cvs. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, Aug;40(3):309-17, 2014


    Cullen K, Macdonald: The periodic syndrome. its nature and prevalence. Med J of Australia 2(5):167-17,1963


    Cupini LM, et al: Cyclic vomiting syndrome, migraine, & epilepsy: a common underlying disorder? Headache 43(4):407-9, 2003


    Davenport C, Zrull J, Kuhn C, Harrison S: Cyclic vomiting. J Amer Acad Child Psychiatry 11:66-87, 1972


    Dignan F, Symon D, AbuArafeh I, Russell G: The prognosis of cyclical vomiting syndrome. Arch Dis Child 84:55-7, 2000


    Dods L: Observations on certain aspects of the cyclic vomiting syndrome.  Medical Journal of Australia 2(8):231-260, 1935


    Dong M, Li ZH, Li G:  Clinical characteristics of 41 children with cyclic vomiting syndrome. [Chinese] Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. Jun;46(6):450-3, 2008


    Dover R: Cyclical vomiting syndrome. Practice Nurse 20(10):592-596, 2000


    Drumm BR, Bourke B, Drummond J, et al: CVS in children: a prospective study. Neurogastroenterol Motil. Jul 4, 2012


    Duckett A, Pride P: Cyclic vomiting syndrome in an adult patient. J Hosp Med Apr 5(4):251-2, 2010


    Embry C: Toxic cyclic vomiting in an 11 year old girl. J Am Acad Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 26,(3): 447-8, 1987


    Ertekin V: et al. Prevalence of CVS in sample of Turkish school children in urban area. J Clin Gastroent 40(10):896-8, 2006


    Erturk O, Uluduz D, Karaali-Savrun F: Efficacy of nebivolol and amitriptyline in the prophylaxis of cvs: a case report. NeurologistSep;16(5):313-4, 2010


    Escrigas P, Merino A, Miguelsanz J: Regurgitation and gastroesophageal reflux disease, cyclic vomiting syndrome and recurrent or chronic vomiting of other etiology [Spanish]. Anales Espanoles Pediatr 56(2):151-64, 2002


    Evans RW, Whyte C: Cyclic vomiting syndrome and abdominal migraine in adults and children. Headache, 53(6):984-93, 2013


    Fajardo N, Talley N, Locke GR: Rapid early phase gastric emptying may be a unique characteristic of CVS: A comparison with functional vomiting. Amer J Gastroenterology 101 suppl 1:S91, 2006 (abstr #146)


    Fajardo N, Talley N, Locke GR: CVS is associated with rapid early gastric emptying. Amer J Gastroente 100 suppl 9:S70, 2005 (abstr #143)


    Faucher S, et al: On the subject of the cyclic vomiting syndrome  [French]. Arch Pediatr Apr;10(4):385-91, 2003


    Fenning S, Fenning S: CVS: Role of a psychiatric inpatient unit in a general children’s hospital. JPGN, 29:207-10, 1999


    Finsterer J, Hayman J: Mitochondrial disorder caused Charles Darwin's CVS. International J of General Medicine, Jan 8;7:59-70, 2014 Fitzgerald M, Crushell E, Hickey C: Cyclic vomiting syndrome masking a fatal metabolic disease. Eur J Pediatr Oct 11, 2012


    Fitzpatrick E, Bourke B, Drumm B, Rowland M.The incidence of cyclic vomiting syndrome in children: population-based study.Am J Gastroenterol. Apr;103(4):991-5, 2008


    Fitzpatrick E, Bourke B, Drumm B, Rowland M: Outcome for children with CVS. Arch Dis Child, Nov;92(11):1001-4, 2007


    Fitzpatrick E, Rowland M, et al: Incidence of CVS in paediatric population of Ireland.  Neurogastroenterol & Motility 18:670, 2006 (abstr)


    Fleisher D, Gornowicz B, Adams K, Feldman E: Cyclic vomiting syndrome in 41 adults: the illness, the patients and the problems of management. BioMed Central Medicine 3(1):20 2005


    Fleisher D: Cyclic vomiting and migraine. Journal of Pediatrics 134(5):533-4, editorial 1999


    Fleisher D: Cyclic vomiting syndrome: A paroxismal disorder of brain-gut interaction. JPGN 25,1:S13-15, 1997 (suppl)


    Fleisher D: Cyclic vomiting syndrome, in Hyman P, DiLorenzo C (eds): Pediatric GI Motility Disorders. New York, NY, Academy Professional Information Services 1994, pp 89-104


    Fleisher D, Matar M: The cyclic vomiting syndrome: areport of 71 cases and literature review. JPGN 17(4):361-9, 1993


    Forbes D, Fairbrother S. Cyclic nausea and vomiting in childhood.Aust Fam Physician. Jan-Feb;37(1-2):33-6, 2008


    Forbes D: Cyclic vomiting syndrome, in Hyman P (ed): Pediatric Functional GI Disorders. New York, NY, Academy Professional Information Services 1999, pp 5.1-5.12


    Forbes D: Cyclical vomiting syndrome. Journal of Paediatric Child Health 31:67-9, 1995


    Galli J, Sawaya R, Friedenberg F: Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome. Curr Drug Abuse Rev. Dec 4(4):241-9, 2011


    Gee S: On fitful or recurrent vomiting.  St. Bartholomew's Hospital Reports 18:1-6, 1882


    Gellis S: Cyclic vomiting syndrome and food allergy. Pediatric Notes 24(22):86, 2000


    Gokhale R., Huttenlocher P, Brady L, Kirschner B: Use of barbiturates in the treatment of cyclic vomiting during childhood. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 25(1):64- 7, 1997


    Gokhale R, Kirschner BS, et al: Cyclic vomiting (abdom migraine) in children. Gastroenterology 108(4):A606 1995 (abstr)


    Gonzalez-Heydrich J, Kerner J, Steiner H: Testing the psychogenic vomiting diagnosis: Four pediatric patients. American Journal of the Diseases of Children 145:913-16, 1991


    Green TB: Cyclic vomiting syndrome: What does it mean? Nasnewsletter. Mar;24(2):52-4, 2009


    Gruere P: Observation de vomissements periodiques [French]. Societe Medicale 71-4, 1843


    Gupta V: Cyclic vom syndr – migraine – vasopressin nexus: A new hypothesis for anticipatory nausea and vomiting. [comments]. BioMed Central Pediatrics 5:3, 2005


    Gupta V: Cyclic vomiting syndrome – migraine – vasopressin nexus: A new hypothesis for anticipatory nausea and vomiting. Dubai Police Medical Services, United Arab Emirates, April 21, 2005


    Gupta V: Cyclic vomiting syndrome: anticipatory stress response in migraine [comment letter]. Headache 44(1):106-7, 2004


    Haan J, Kors E, Ferrari M [Leiden Univ Med Cent, Netherlands]: Familial cycl vom syndrome Cephalalgia 22(7):552-4, 2002


    Haghighat M, Rafie SM, Dehghani SM, Fallahi GH, Nejabat M.:Cyclic vomiting syndrome in children: experience with 181 cases from southern Iran. World J Gastroenterol. Mar 28;13(12):1833-6, 2007


    Hamilton C, O'Neill D, Smith R, Edwards J, et al: Discussion on cyclic vomiting and allied periodic disorders of childhood. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 44:719-25, 1951


    Hammond J: The prognosis for severe cyclical vomiting syndrome in childhood, in Cumings J (ed): Background to Migraine. New York, NY, Springer-Verlag 1973, pp 112-15


    Hammond J: The late sequellae of recurrent vomiting in childhood. Developm Medicine and Child Neurology 16:15-22, 1974


    Hattori M,et al:Adult case of CVS in which tricyclic antidepressant was effective.[in Japanese] Rinsho Shinkeigaku, 46(9):6557, 2006


    Hayman J: Charles Darwin's mitochondria. Genetics. 194(1):21-5, 2013


    Hayman J: Charles Darwin returns to the dermatologist. International Journal of Dermatology, 50, 1162–1165, 2011


    Hayman JA: Darwin's illness revisited. British Medical Journal, Dec 10;339, 2009
    Hayman JA: Charles Darwin's impressions of New Zealand & Australia, & insights into his illness & his developing ideas on evolution.
     Med J Aust, Dec 7-21;191(11-12):660-3, 2009


    Heales S, Milla P, Andrews, P, Surtees R, Lindley K: Movement disorder & encephalopathy in cyclic vomiting syndrome is a consequence of
    disordered cns amine metabolism & nitric oxide deficiency: PG4-07. JPGN 40(5):656, May 2005.


    Heberden W: in Commentaries On The History and Cause of Diseases (ed 3). London, Payne and Foss 1806.


    Hejazi RA, McCallum RW Cyclic vomiting syndrome: treatment options. Exp Brain Res, 232(8):2549-52, 2014


    Hejazi R, Lavenbarg T, McCallum R: Elevated serum ghrelin levels in adult patients with cyclic vomiting syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol, Oct 106(10):1858-9, 2011


    Hejazi RA, McCallum RW: Review article: cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults - rediscovering and redefining an old entity. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. Jun 12, 2011


    Hejazi RA, Lavenbarg TH, Pasnoor M, Dimachkie M, Foran P, Herbelin L, McCallum RW: Autonomic nerve function in adult patients with cyclic vomiting syndrome. Neurogastroenterol Motil  May; 23(5):439-43, 2011


    Hejazi R, Lavenbarg T, McCallum R: Spectrum of gastric emptying patterns in adult patients with cyclic vomiting syndrome.
    Neurogastroenterol Motility, Dec;22(12):1298-e338, 2010


    Hejazi RA, Reddymasu SC, Namin F, Lavenbarg T, Foran P, McCallum RW. Efficacy of tricyclic antidepressant therapy in adults with             cyclic vomiting syndrome: a two-year follow-up study. J Clin Gastroenterol, Jan;44(1):18-21, 2010


    Hejazi RA, Lavenbarg TH, Foran P, McCallum RW: Who are the non-responders to standard treatment with tricyclic antidepressant agents             for cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults? A large single center experience. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. Oct 10. 2009

    Hikita T, Kodama H, Nakamoto N, Ogita K, et al: The effect of prophylactic therapy with valproate sodium and phenobarbital in two patients with cyclic vomiting syndrome. No To Hattatsu.Sep;40(5):393-6. [Japanese], 2008


    Hikita T, Kodama H, Nakamoto N, Kaga F, Amakata K, Ogita K, Kaneko S, Fujii Y, Yanagawa Y: Effective prophylactic therapy for cyclic vomiting syndrome in children using valproate.Brain Dev, Aug 25, 2008


    Higashimoto T, Baldwin EE, Gold JI, Boles RG: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy: complex regional pain syndrome type I in children with mitochondrial disease & maternal inheritance. Arch Dis Child. May;93(5):390-7.Epub Jan, 2008


    Hockaday J: Migraine in childhood & other non-epileptic paroxysmal disorders. London, Butterworth, 1989, pp 54-62


    Hockaday J: Migraine and its equivalent in childhood.  Developmental Child Neurology 29:258-270, 1987


    Howard J, Adams K, Li BUK: Cyclic vomiting syndrome. Physician’s Guide to Rare Diseases (ed 3). 2001


    Hoyt C, Stickler G: A study of 44 children with the syndrome of recurrent vomiting. Pediat 25:775-780, 1960


    Huang S, Lavine, J: Efficacy of sumitriptan in aborting attacks of cyclic vomiting. Abstract form for annual meeting of: American Gastroenterological Association May 11-14,1997 (abst)


    Hubbard T, Crisp C: Cessation of cyclic vomiting in a 7-year-old girl after upper cervical chiropractic care: a case report. J Chiropr Med. Dec 9(4):179-83, 2010


    Hyman P, Fleisher D: Pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders. JPGN 25,(1):S11-12, 1997 (suppl)


    International Classification of Headache Disorders: 2nd edition. Cephalagia 24 1:9-160, 2004 (suppl)


    Issenman R: Cyclic vomiting syndrome. Digestive Health in Children, Intnl Fnd FunctionalGI Disorders 2(2):1-2, 2002


    Jernigan S, Ware L: Case report: reversible quantitative EEG changes in a case of cyclic vomiting: evidence migraine equivalent.
    Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 33:80-5, 1991


    Johnston W: Acupuncture may treat cyclic vomiting syndrome. Anesthesiology News May, 2000


    Kakisaka Y, Wakusawa K, Sato I, Haginoya K, Uematsu M, Sato T,: Successful treatment with sumatriptan in a case with cyclic             vomiting syndrome combined with 18q- Syndrome. J Child Neurol. Sep 30. PMID: 19794103, 2009


    Keilman K, Moses J, Worley S, Parikh S, Rothner D, Radhakrishnan, K: A large prospective study of children with cyclic vomiting syndrome: single center experience. Cleveland Clinic June 2010 (abstr)


    Keller K, Beule J, Dippold W: CVS in adults. Wien Med Wochenschr. [German] Nov 15, 2013


    Keller K, Beule J, Scholz M, Pfnür M, et al:CVS in Adults - Frequently Overlooked? [German] Z Gastroenterol. 50(7):694-8, 2012


    Keller K, Beule J, Dippold W: Stereotypical episodes of vomiting for 11 years in a 33-year-old patient. Internist (Berl), Mar;53(3):345-50 German, 2012


    Kenny P: Sindrome de vomitos cicliocos: un enigma pediatricio vigente [Spanis]. Arch argent pediatr 98(1):34-40, 2000


    Khasawinah TA, Ramirez A, et al: Preliminary experience with dexmedetomidine in treatment of cvs. Am J Ther Jul-Aug10(4):303-7, 2003


    Kothare SV: Efficacy of flunarizine in the prophylaxis of cyclical vomiting syndrome and abdominal migraine. Eur J Paediatr Neurol 9(1):23-6 2005. Epub Dec 25, 2004


    Kovacic K, Miranda A, Chelimsky G, Williams S, Li BU. Chronic idiopathic nausea of childhood. J Pediatr.164(5):1104-9, 2014


    Kowalczyk M, Parkman H, Ward L: Adult cyclic vomiting syndrome successfully treated with intranasal sumatriptan. J Gen Intern Med, Jan;25(1):88-91, 2010
    Ksahawinah T, Raminez A: Preliminary experience with dexmedalonidine in the treatment of CVS. Am J Ther, 10(4)303-7:2003


    Kumagai H, Matsumoto S, Kimura T, Hirota N: Resolution of cyclic vomiting after appendectomy in a girl. Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol. Jun 22, 2011


    Kumar N, Qumseya B, Reddy N, Sengupta J, Ananthakrishnan A, Schroeder A, Hogan W, Venkatesan T:Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS): is there a difference based on onset; pediatric vs. adult? BMC Gastroenterology, 12:52, 2012


    Ladabaum U, Hasler W: Novel approaches to the treatment of nausea and vomiting. Dig Diseases 17(3):125-32, 1999


    Lanzi G, Ballotin U, Ottolini A, Rosano BF, Fazzi E, Arisi D:  Cyclic vomiting and recurrent abdominal pains as migraine or epileptic equivalents. Cephalalgia 3:115-8, 1983


    Lanzi G, ZambrinoC, et al: Periodic syndrome & migraine in children & adolescents. Italian J Neurol Sci, Oct 18(5):283-8 1997


    LeClair M: A case of fatal cyclic vomiting. Canadian Med Assoc J 74:641-2, 1956
    Lee KL, Shin JI: Cyclic vomiting syndrome developed after stroke.  Ann Rehabil Medicine, Feb;36(1):141-3, 2012


    Lee LY, Abbott L, Moodie S, : CVS in 28 patients: demographics, features & outcomes. Eur J Gastroent Hepatol. 24(8):939-43, 2012


    Lee LY, Abbott L, Mahlangu B, Moodie SJ, et al:Management of cvs: a systematic review. Eur J Gastroel Hepatol. 24(9):1001-6, 2012


    Lee M, Feldman M: Cyclic vomiting syndrome, in Sleisenger, Fordtran, Feldman, Scharschmidt (eds): Gastrointestinal Disease (ed 6). Philadelphia, Saunders 1997, pp 121


    Lee WS, et al: Cyclic vomiting syndrome in South East Asian children. J Paediatr Ch Health 34(6):568-70, 1998


    Levinthal DJ, Bielefeldt K: Adult cyclical vomiting syndrome: a disorder of allostatic regulation? Exp Brain Res, Apr 16, 2014


    Li BUK, Williams S: Cyclic vomiting Syndrome: clinical features and comorbidities.  Contemporary Pediatric,29:34-46, 2012


    Li BUK [ed], North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Diagnosis and Management of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome, A consensus statement. JPGN July 47 (1), 2008


    Li BUK: The approach to a child with acute, chronic and cyclic vomiting, in Rudolph A, Hoffman J,Rudolph C (eds): Rudolph’s Pediatrics (ed 21). Stamford, CN, Appleton and Lange, 2000, pp 89-104


    Li BUK: Current treatment of cyclic vomiting syndrome. Current Treatment Options in Gastroen 3:395-402, 2000


    Li BUK: Cyclic vomiting syndrome and abdominal migraine. Int Sem Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 9(3):1-9,2000


    Li BUK: Cyclic vomiting syndrome. Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology 3(5):395-402, 2000


    Li BUK: Cyclic vomiting syndrome: light emerging from the black box. J Pediatrics 135:276-7, 1999


    Li BUK: Approach to the child with acute, chronic or cyclic vomiting, in Rudolph A (ed): Rudolph's Pediatrics (ed 20). Norwalk, Conn, Appleton & Lange 1996, pp 1026-8


    Li BUK: Cyclic vomiting: new understanding of an old disorder. Contemporary Ped 13(7):48-62, 1996


    Li BUK: Editorial: Cyclic vomiting syndrome: a pediatric Rorschach test. JPed Gastro Nutr 17(4): 351-3, 1993


    Li BUK: Cyclic vomiting syndrome: age-old syndrome & new insights. Seminars Pediatr Neurology 18(1):13-21, 2001


    Li BUK, Balint J: Cyclic vomit syndr, the evolution of understanding of a brain-gut disorder. AdvPediatr 47:117-160, 2000


    Li BUK, Howard JC: New hope for children with cyclic vomiting syndrome. Contemp Pediatrics 19(3): 121-30, 2002


    Li BUK: Cyclic vomiting syndrome. Hot Topics in Headache London: The Migraine Trust, 34-7, 2002


    Li BUK (ed): Cyclic vomiting syndrome: Proceedings of the 1st international scientific symposium on cyclic vomiting syndrome held at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, England, July 29-30, 1994. JPed Gastro Nutr 21, 1995 (suppl)


    Li BUK, Misiewicz L:. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America 32:997-1019, 2003


    Li BUK, Murray R, Heitlinger L, Robbins J, Hayes J: Is cyclic vomiting related to migraine? J of Pedia 134(5):567-72, 1999


    Li BUK, Murray R, Heitlinger L, et al: Heterogeneity of diagnosis presenting as cyclic vomiting. Pediatrics 102(3):583-7, 1998


    Li BUK, Sarna S, Issenman R (guest eds): Proceedings of the 2nd  International Scientific Symposium on  CVS. Held at the Medical College of Wisconsin, USA, April 17-18,1998. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 44:1S-120S, 1999 (suppl)


    Li BUK, Sferra T: Vomiting, in Hyams & Wyllie(eds):Pedia Gastroint Disea (ed 2) Philadelphia, WB Saunders 1999, 14-31


    Liao KY, Chang FY, Wu LT, et al: Cyclic vomiting syndrome in Taiwanese children. Med Assoc Jan; 110(1):14-18, 2011 management. BioMed Central Medicine 3(1):20, 2005


    Lin Y, Ni Y, Weng W, Lee W: Cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraine in children.  J Formos Med Assoc 10(6):382-7, 2011


    Lindley K, Andrews P: Pathogenesis and treatment of cyclical vomiting. J of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition 41:S38-S40, 2005


    Lombard H: Nevrose de la digestion, caracteriseo par des crises periodiques de vomissements et une profonde moddification de assimilation [A nervous digestion characterized by periodical vomiting and a complete alteration of digestion French]. Gazette medicale de Paris. 312-5, 1861


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